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Level 1 - Objectives for Principles of Flight


The Nature of Matter Example of The Nature of Matter

Florida's Sunshine State Standards (Science 6-8) encountered on ALLSTAR Level-1 Principles

EXPLANATION: The objective or standard listed below is linked to the section of ALLSTAR that pertains to that particular Sunshine State Standard. The standards or sub-standards that do not apply were marked with "N/A" or left out intentionally, yet the original numbering schema for standards and sub-components were maintained. For example, to find the Florida Sunshine Standards that apply to Science for grades 8-12, look at the teacher resource page. There will be a link to navigate to the page on Objectives Covered in Science 8-12.

Standard 1: The student understands that all matter has observable, measurable properties.

  1. determines that the properties of materials (e.g., density and volume) can be compared and measured (e.g., using rulers, balances, and thermometers).
  2. N/A
  3. N/A
  4. N/A
  5. knows that materials made by chemically combining two or more substances may have properties that differ from the original materials.

Standard 2: N/A

 

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Energy Examples of Energy

Florida's Sunshine State Standards (Science 6-8) encountered on ALLSTAR Level-1 Principles

EXPLANATION: The objective or standard listed below is linked to the section of ALLSTAR that pertains to that particular Sunshine State Standard. The standards or sub-standards that do not apply were marked with "N/A" or left out intentionally, yet the original numbering schema for standards and sub-components were maintained. For example, to find the Florida Sunshine Standards that apply to Science for grades 8-12, look at the teacher resource page. There will be a link to navigate to the page on Objectives Covered in Science 8-12.

Standard 1: The student recognizes that energy may be changed in form with varying efficiency.

  1. identifies forms of energy and explains that they can be measured and compared.
  2. knows that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but only changed from one form to another.
  3. knows the various forms in which energy comes to Earth from the Sun (e.g., visible light, infrared, and microwave).
  4. knows that energy conversions are never 100% efficient (i.e., some energy is transformed to heat and is unavailable for further useful work).
  5. knows the processes by which thermal energy tends to flow from a system of higher temperature to a system of lower temperature.
  6. knows the properties of waves (e.g., frequency, wavelength, and amplitude); that each wave consists of a number of crests and troughs; and the effects of different media on waves.

Standard 2: The student understands the interaction of matter and energy.

  1. knows that most events in the universe (e.g., weather changes, moving cars, and the transfer of a nervous impulse in the human body) involve some form of energy transfer and that these changes almost always increase the total disorder of the system and its surroundings, reducing the amount of useful energy.
  2. knows that most of the energy used today is derived from burning stored energy collected by organisms millions of years ago (i.e., nonrenewable fossil fuels).

 

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Force and Motion Examples of Force and Motion

Florida's Sunshine State Standards (Science 6-8) encountered on ALLSTAR Level-1 Principles

EXPLANATION: The objective or standard listed below is linked to the section of ALLSTAR that pertains to that particular Sunshine State Standard. The standards or sub-standards that do not apply were marked with "N/A" or left out intentionally, yet the original numbering schema for standards and sub-components were maintained. For example, to find the Florida Sunshine Standards that apply to Science for grades 8-12, look at the teacher resource page. There will be a link to navigate to the page on Objectives Covered in Science 8-12.

Standard 1: The student understands that types of motion may be described, measured, and predicted.

  1. knows that the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed.

Standard 2: The student understands that the types of force that act on an object and the effect of that force can be described, measured, and predicted.

  1. knows that many forces (e.g., gravitational, electrical, and magnetic) act at a distance (i.e., without contact).
  2. knows common contact forces.
  3. knows that if more than one force acts on an object, then the forces can reinforce or cancel each other, depending on their direction and magnitude.
  4. knows that simple machines can be used to change the direction or size of a force.
  5. understands that an object in motion will continue at a constant speed and in a straight line until acted upon by a force and that an object at rest will remain at rest until acted upon by a force.
  6. explains and shows the ways in which a net force (i.e., the sum of all acting forces) can act on an object (e.g., speeding up an object traveling in the same direction as the net force, slowing down an object traveling in the direction opposite of the net force).
  7. knows that gravity is a universal force that every mass exerts on every other mass.

Topics related to force and motion from Level-1:

Bernoulli's Principle is also covered in

Experiment 1
Experiment 2
Experiment 3
Parts of an Airplane

 

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The Nature of Science Examples of The Nature of Science

Florida's Sunshine State Standards (Science 6-8) encountered on ALLSTAR Level-1 Principles

EXPLANATION: The objective or standard listed below is linked to the section of ALLSTAR that pertains to that particular Sunshine State Standard. The standards or sub-standards that do not apply were marked with "N/A" or left out intentionally, yet the original numbering schema for standards and sub-components were maintained. For example, to find the Florida Sunshine Standards that apply to Science for grades 8-12, look at the teacher resource page. There will be a link to navigate to the page on Objectives Covered in Science 8-12.

Standard 1: The student uses the scientific processes and habits of mind to solve problems.

  1. knows that scientific knowledge is subject to modification as new information challenges prevailing theories and as a new theory leads to looking at old observations in a new way.
  2. knows that the study of the events that led scientists to discoveries can provide information about the inquiry process and its effects.
  3. knows that science disciplines differ from one another in topic, techniques, and outcomes but that they share a common purpose, philosophy, and enterprise.
  4. knows that accurate record keeping, openness, and replication are essential to maintaining an investigator's credibility with other scientists and society.
  5. knows that a change in one or more variables may alter the outcome of an investigation.
  6. recognizes the scientific contributions that are made by individuals of diverse backgrounds, interests, talents, and motivations.
  7. knows that when similar investigations give different results, the scientific challenge is to verify whether the differences are significant by further study.

Standard 2:  N/A

Standard 3: The student understands that science, technology, and society are interwoven and interdependent.

  1. knows that science ethics demand that scientists must not knowingly subject coworkers, students, the neighborhood, or the community to health or property risks.
  2. knows that special care must be taken in using animals in scientific research.
  3. knows that in research involving human subjects, the ethics of science require that potential subjects be fully informed about the risks and benefits associated with the research and of their right to refuse to participate.
  4. knows that technological design should require taking into account constraints such as natural laws, the properties of the materials used, and economic, political, social, ethical, and aesthetic values.
  5. understands that contributions to the advancement of science, mathematics, and technology have been made by different kinds of people, in different cultures, at different times and are an intrinsic part of the development of human culture.
  6. knows that no matter who does science and mathematics or invents things, or when or where they do it, the knowledge and technology that result can eventually become available to everyone.
  7. knows that computers speed up and extend people's ability to collect, sort, and analyze data; prepare research reports; and share data and ideas with others.

 

 

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Number Sense, Concepts, and Operations Examples of  Number Sense, Concepts, and Operations

Florida's Sunshine State Standards (Math 6-8) encountered on ALLSTAR Level-1 Principles

EXPLANATION: The objective or standard listed below is linked to the section of ALLSTAR that pertains to that particular Sunshine State Standard. The standards or sub-standards that do not apply were marked with "N/A" or left out intentionally, yet the original numbering schema for standards and sub-components were maintained. For example, to find the Florida Sunshine Standards that apply to Math for grades 8-12, look at the teacher resource page. There will be a link to navigate to the page on Objectives Covered in Math 8-12.

Standard 1: The student understands the different ways numbers are represented and used in the real world.

Standard 4: The student uses estimation in problem solving and computation.

  1. uses estimation strategies to predict results and to check the reasonableness of results.

Standard 5: The student understands and applies theories related to numbers

 

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Measurement Examples of Measurement

Florida's Sunshine State Standards (Math 6-8) encountered on ALLSTAR Level-1 Principles

EXPLANATION: The objective or standard listed below is linked to the section of ALLSTAR that pertains to that particular Sunshine State Standard. The standards or sub-standards that do not apply were marked with "N/A" or left out intentionally, yet the original numbering schema for standards and sub-components were maintained. For example, to find the Florida Sunshine Standards that apply to Math for grades 8-12, look at the teacher resource page. There will be a link to navigate to the page on Objectives Covered in Math 8-12.

Standard 1: The student measures quantities in the real world and uses the measures to solve problems.

  1. uses concrete and graphic models to derive formulas for finding perimeter, area, surface area, circumference, and volume of two- and three-dimensional shapes, including rectangular solids and cylinders.
  2. uses concrete and graphic models to derive formulas for finding rates, distance, time, and angle measures.
  3. understands and describes how the change of a figure in such dimensions as length, width, height, or radius affects its other measurements such as perimeter, area, surface area, and volume.
  4. constructs, interprets, and uses scale drawings such as those based on number lines and maps to solve real-world problems.

Standard 3: The student estimates measurements in real-world problem situations.

  1. solves real-world and mathematical problems involving estimates of measurements including length, time, weight/mass, temperature, money, perimeter, area, and volume, in either customary or metric units.

 

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Geometry and Spatial Sense Examples of Geometry and Spatial Sense

Florida's Sunshine State Standards (Math 6-8) encountered on ALLSTAR Level-1 Principles

EXPLANATION: The objective or standard listed below is linked to the section of ALLSTAR that pertains to that particular Sunshine State Standard. The standards or sub-standards that do not apply were marked with "N/A" or left out intentionally, yet the original numbering schema for standards and sub-components were maintained. For example, to find the Florida Sunshine Standards that apply to Math for grades 8-12, look at the teacher resource page. There will be a link to navigate to the page on Objectives Covered in Math 8-12.

Standard 1: The student describes, draws, identifies, and analyzes two- and three-dimensional shapes.

  1. understands the basic properties of, and relationships pertaining to, regular and irregular geometric shapes in two and three dimensions.

Standard 2: The student visualizes and illustrates ways in which shapes can be combined, subdivided, and changed.

  1. understands the geometric concepts of symmetry, reflections, congruency, similarity, perpendicularity, parallelism, and transformations, including flips, slides, turns, and enlargements.

 

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Algebraic Thinking Examples of Algebraic Thinking

Florida's Sunshine State Standards (Math 6-8) encountered on ALLSTAR Level-1 Principles

EXPLANATION: The objective or standard listed below is linked to the section of ALLSTAR that pertains to that particular Sunshine State Standard. The standards or sub-standards that do not apply were marked with "N/A" or left out intentionally, yet the original numbering schema for standards and sub-components were maintained. For example, to find the Florida Sunshine Standards that apply to Math for grades 8-12, look at the teacher resource page. There will be a link to navigate to the page on Objectives Covered in Math 8-12.

Standard 1: The student describes, analyzes, and generalizes a wide variety of patterns, relations, and functions.

  1. describes a wide variety of patterns, relationships, and functions through models, such as manipulatives, tables, graphs, expressions, equations, and inequalities.
  2. creates and interprets tables, graphs, equations, and verbal descriptions to explain cause-and-effect relationships.

 

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Data Analysis and Probability Examples of Data Analysis and Probability

Florida's Sunshine State Standards (Math 6-8) encountered on ALLSTAR Level-1 Principles

EXPLANATION: The objective or standard listed below is linked to the section of ALLSTAR that pertains to that particular Sunshine State Standard. The standards or sub-standards that do not apply were marked with "N/A" or left out intentionally, yet the original numbering schema for standards and sub-components were maintained. For example, to find the Florida Sunshine Standards that apply to Math for grades 8-12, look at the teacher resource page. There will be a link to navigate to the page on Objectives Covered in Math 8-12.

Standard 1: The student understands and uses the tools of data analysis for managing information.

  1. collects, organizes, and displays data in a variety of forms, including tables, line graphs, charts, bar graphs, to determine how different ways of presenting data can lead to different interpretations.
  2. N/A
  3. analyzes real-world data by applying appropriate formulas for measures of central tendency and organizing data in a quality display, using appropriate technology, including calculators and computers.

Standard 2: The student identifies patterns and makes predictions from an orderly display of data using concepts of probability and statistics.

  1. compares experimental results with mathematical expectations of probabilities.
  2. determines odds for and odds against a given situation.

Standard 3: The student uses statistical methods to make inferences and valid arguments about real-world situations.

  1. formulates hypotheses, designs experiments, collects and interprets data, and evaluates hypotheses by making inferences and drawing conclusions based on statistics (range, mean, median, and mode) and tables, graphs, and charts.
  2. identifies the common uses and misuses of probability and statistical analysis in the everyday world.

 

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Updated: March 12, 2004